Stucco Over Cinder Block Wall: What Is Stucco?
Carpentry is one of the most popular trades in America today. If you are interested in carpentry or have some experience with it, then you probably want to learn more about stucco.
There are many different types of stucco, but they all share common characteristics such as their color and texture.
There are two main types of stucco; non-staining and stain-resistant. Non-staining stucco is made from natural materials like stone, brick, slate, clay or other organic matter.
These materials do not contain any chemicals that would cause stains when applied to wood or plaster walls. Stain resistant stucco is made from chemical compounds which will prevent them from becoming stained if they come into contact with water.
The term “stain” refers to any type of substance that will damage your home’s appearance. Stains can include dirt, grease, oil, waxes and even liquids like paint.
A stucco wall is made up of a mixture of different layers. Each layer acts as a barrier between the outside world and the inside of your house.
A typical stucco wall consists of three layers: topmost (the most durable), middle (used mostly for insulation) and bottom (for structural purposes).
Stucco is the primary component of any exterior home cladding. In fact, stucco is popular not only because it protects your home from outside elements, but also because it can be molded into almost any shape or texture.
It comes in various colors and it is fairly easy to apply.
As long as the house has a good base and solid framing, stucco can be attached to just about any type of wall. Just keep the following tips in mind.
Make sure that the wall is solid and sturdy before stuccoing. Do not apply stucco to hollow or weak areas of the wall as this could make them weaker and more susceptible to damage.
Also, examine your foundation as stucco does not adhere well to some types of foundations, particularly those that are not made of traditional brick or stone.
Looks aren’t everything. While a thick stucco coating may protect your home from the elements, it can also cause your house to get hotter than a blast furnace in the summer and colder than the tundra in the winter.
A good rule of thumb is if you can see daylight through the stucco then it is not thick enough.
Stains are not your friend. As mentioned above, stains are elements or materials that can damage your stucco and cause it to disintegrate.
This means that things like pollution and dirt could damage your stucco if they come into contact with it. While pollution can be combated by applying a special sealant, you will still have to contend with the dirt. Dirt doesn’t just look dirty; it is dirty! As it settles on your stucco walls it will eventually begin to damage the wall. Keeping your home clean is extremely important for the life expectancy of your stucco.
One way to protect your home and keep it looking clean is to cover it. Apply stucco to all exterior walls, but leave an inch gap between each layer.
After the final layer has dried, apply an extra layer of stucco over the entire wall. This will provide a gap that you can fill with insulation for better air-conditioning performance. Note that this procedure works best on single story homes and may not be practical on multi-story homes.
Just as with any other coat of paint, it is important to keep your tools clean when stuccoing. Use a stiff brush to clean any tools that have dried on the stucco or old paint.
The less material you add to the wall, the better it will look.
Wear protective gear when stuccoing! Stucco is a very fine substance which means that it can easily get into your eyes and lungs, causing serious damage.
A dust mask, safety goggles and gloves are important protective gear. Be sure to clean them after each use as well.
While stucco is a very durable cladding, it does require maintenance. In addition to keeping the home clean in order to protect the stucco from pollution, you will also have to re-stucco portions of your walls every once in a while.
This is necessary because water seeps into the cracks of the wall and softens the stucco. When this happens some of the stucco crumbles and must be removed before it causes damage to your wall. It is also a good idea to inspect your walls for moisture and damaged stucco every six months or so.
If you find that you need to re-stucco your home, there are several different types of stucco that you can use. While traditional gray stucco remains the most popular, you can also choose from a variety of color additives to provide a one of a kind look for your home.
While the upkeep of your home may seem like it is a lot of work, when you think about all the benefits that stucco has to offer, it really isn’t too bad. With proper care your home can last you a lifetime and always look as good as the day that you first built it.
Sources & references used in this article:
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- Wall tile (F Michael – US Patent 2,918,814, 1959 – Google Patents)
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- Strengthening of brick masonry with PVA fiber reinforced cement stucco (B Arisoy, E Ercan, A Demir – Construction and Building Materials, 2015 – Elsevier)
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- Polystyrene foamed plastic wall apparatus and method of construction (DW Collins – US Patent 5,404,685, 1995 – Google Patents)