How do you Build A Flat Roof Deck?
A flat roof deck is one of the most popular roofing materials nowadays. There are many reasons why people choose to build a flat roof deck. Some prefer it because they want to create an open space above their home or business, while others like having some privacy from neighbors. Others still have no choice but to use a flat roof deck due to cost constraints and/or lack of available land for building on.
The first thing you need to decide is what kind of roofing system you will be using. You can either go with a traditional flat roof system or a retractable roof system. Both types of roofs have advantages and disadvantages, so it’s best to research your specific needs before making any decisions.
Traditional Flat Roof System – Traditional flat roofs consist of three layers: 1) the top layer (the “truss”), 2) the middle layer (a “skin” made up of horizontal wood beams), and 3) the bottom layer (a “roof” made up of vertical metal sheets). These roofs are usually built with wooden slats called trusses. The trusses are attached to each other at every floor level by means of nails, screws, or bolts. When you lay out the roof plan, make sure to include all three layers! made up of horizontal metal wires), and 3) the bottom layer (a “roof” made of wood).
These roofs are usually constructed with two vertical supports spaced apart at least 18 inches. They’re typically built on the side facing south, since southern climates tend to get warmer than northern climates.
Retractable Roof System – Retractable roof systems consist of four layers: 1) the top layer (the “truss”), 2) the middle layer (a “skin” Expect this to be the most time-consuming process.
Trusses come in a variety of materials like wood, steel, or plastic. Each material has its advantages and disadvantages, so do your research and choose the one that best fits your needs. Once the roof is in place, you can start building the walls around it. This is usually done by placing wooden beams (called sills) on top of the trusses and filling in the gaps with concrete. made up of horizontal wood beams), and 3) the bottom layer (a “roof” made up of vertical metal sheets), and 4) the canopy top layer (the top roof that moves, which can be made of glass or other translucent material).
The canopy top layer is attached to the middle layer on one side, while the other side is left open so it can move. You can either open or close the retractable roof depending on the weather conditions.
Both roof systems work well in most parts of the world, and both have their pros and cons. It all comes down to personal preference and budget.
If you’re going with a traditional flat roof system, the process is a lot simpler. Just like a regular roof, all you really need is a truss, two vertical supports, and some plywood sheets.
Well, that’s it for now. Best of luck with your home improvement project! Remember, Safety First!
Good Luck and Good Building!
Sources & references used in this article:
- Metal roof-deck construction (US Patent 1,706,924, 1929 – Google Patents)
- Roof deck construction (DA Lehr, CL Nunley – US Patent 4,736,561, 1988 – Google Patents)
- Life cycle cost analysis of rooftop gardens in Singapore (NH Wong, SF Tay, R Wong, CL Ong, A Sia – Building and environment, 2003 – Elsevier)
- Roof deck structure (FS Bergstrom – US Patent 3,077,703, 1963 – Google Patents)
- Roof construction (CM Peterson – US Patent 3,862,527, 1975 – Google Patents)
- Fire retardant cover for fluted roof deck (JA Klein – US Patent 8,468,759, 2013 – Google Patents)
- Metal deck roof construction (PM Tarrant – US Patent 6,141,932, 2000 – Google Patents)
- System for forming a sloped surface on a flat roof deck (KW Perry – US Patent 4,831,794, 1989 – Google Patents)
- Sealed roof deck wind vacuum transfer system (TL Kelly – US Patent 4,888,930, 1989 – Google Patents)