Building a Deck Frame: How to Build A Freestanding Deck
The first thing you need to do when building a deck is determine what kind of deck you want. There are two types of decks: freestanding and raised. You will have to decide which type of deck you want before starting construction work.
If your goal is just to raise the floor or roof over your head, then it would be best if you choose one of these two types of decks instead.
Freestanding decks are made up of wood, stone, concrete or other materials. They are usually built with no support structure at all. These decks can be used for many purposes such as: raising the floor above the ground; raising a small shelter over the top of a larger house; creating temporary living quarters for yourself while traveling around in an emergency situation; etc.
Raised decks consist of a series of supports (usually wooden) that connect together to form a solid foundation. Raised decks can be used for several purposes such as: raising the roof over the heads of homeless people; constructing temporary shelters for those in need during disasters; constructing temporary homes for travelers; etc.
If you are planning to use a freestanding deck, then you will need to determine where exactly you want to place your deck. You may wish to build it near a window so that rain water runs off into it. Raised decks are often used for permanent structures such as houses, offices, hospitals, schools and other buildings.
There are several ways to build a deck. Some people prefer using nails or screws while others like to use lumber. To make things easier for you, we have provided a list of some of the most popular methods of building a deck in order to give you an idea about each method.
At the bottom of this page, you will find a video which shows how to build a deck step by step. We have also provided a link to our website which shows a deck building project that you can try out yourself.
Things You Will Need Make sure to gather the materials needed before starting construction. You will need lumber, nails or screws, a saw or some other cutting tool, and construction adhesive (Optional).
Step 1: Marking Out the Deck’s Location
Make sure to choose a suitable location for your deck. You can build it on flat or uneven ground as long as it is strong enough to support the materials and weight of the people standing on it. If you are building your deck on earth, do not forget to make provisions for water drainage.
Step 2: Excavating the Ground
If you are building on uneven ground, you will need to make certain adjustments to the ground before continuing with deck construction. Excavate the ground so that it is slightly lower at the center than at the sides. Build up the ground around the periphery of the deck so that it is higher than the middle part of your deck by about half a foot.
This process will allow water to drain away from your deck and into the ground.
Step 3: Placing the Deck’s Footing
The next step is to place the concrete or wooden footing (the bottom part) of your deck. This will provide a stable and even base for your deck to stand on. Most deck builders set the footing at the corners of their deck and then fill in the intermediate space with more footings.
In order to keep things stable, try to use metal anchors, bolts or other materials to secure your footing into the ground.
Step 4: Building the Deck
Use either wooden or concrete boards to build your deck. If you are using wooden planks, then you will need to place supports under the board so that it does not bend or sag. Use metal screws or bolts to secure the wood in place and make sure that the bolts do not protrude out from the wood so as to avoid people from tripping on them.
If you are using concrete to construct your deck, then you will need to refer to a set of plans for directions on how to lay down the deck. You can either use a solid slab or place holes in the concrete so that it looks like a sponge. If you choose the former, then you will need to pour concrete into forms and allow it to dry.
If you decide on the latter, then you will have to pour a concrete slab first and place holes into it with a special tool. After you are done, fill the holes with colored sand so as to give your deck a nice finish. After the concrete has dried or the slab has set, you can place wooden planks or boards over it to create the deck surface.
Step 5: Decorative Touches
Once your deck is fully constructed, you can begin to add any decorative touches that you want. This can be in the form of railings, lighting, plants, and even fountains. If you are placing lights on your deck, make sure that they are far enough away from the edge so that people don’t trip over them.
You can also add ceiling lights or lamps if you want.
That’s about it. Enjoy your brand new deck and all the fun times you will have on it with your family and friends.
Tips & Warnings
-If your yard slopes down towards the house, build the deck up towards the house. This will prevent water from pooling near the house.
-Deck screws tend to loosen over time due to weather changes. Try using bolts or metal anchors when building your deck to prevent it from falling apart.
-Before placing lights on your deck, be sure to turn them on and make sure that they are not sparking. If they are, then this may cause a fire.
-Watch your step. If you are using wooden planks to build your deck, then the edges may be prone to rot or splintering due to weather changes. Always make sure that you tread carefully when on your deck.
Falling and breaking something would definitely ruin the fun of having a new deck.
-If you are placing stairs on the deck, be sure to make the risers short enough so that a small child cannot trip over it. Also, place the stairway far enough from the edge so that people do not fall off of it.
-If you are placing a railing on your deck, make sure that it is high enough and that it cannot be climbed over by small children.
-Make sure that you place your deck far enough away from trees or any other objects that could potentially cause someone to fall off of the deck.
-Always use treated lumber when building your deck. This will help prevent it from rotting due to moisture.
-Use a pressure treated wood for your footings if you are placing your deck over soil. This will prevent termites and mold from destroying your deck footings.
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