How do you frame a tray ceiling?

Tray ceiling is a type of ceiling that consists of several tiers of rafters or beams connected together at their top end. They are usually made from wood, but they can also be made out of other materials such as metal, concrete, stone and even glass. Tiles are often used in the construction of these ceilings because they offer a very strong support structure to the roofing material.

A tray ceiling is commonly found in commercial buildings where it provides extra protection against wind and rain while allowing light to enter through the openings between the rafters. A typical design might consist of four tiers, each one being three feet high and six feet wide. These tiers are joined together at their upper ends by a single beam which connects them all together.

There is no need for any supports along these beams since they are supported by the rafter itself.

The purpose of the rafters is to provide additional strength to the ceiling. Rafters are not only used for structural purposes, but also as decorative elements. They can be made out of different materials such as brick, tile or even glass.

Some people prefer to use tiles instead of bricks due to their durability and ease of installation. However, if you want your ceiling to look like a traditional one then it would be best if you go with brick or concrete rafters.

The framing of tray ceilings is actually very easy to do and to understand. It is also a great way to save you a lot of money because you can do it yourself. The first thing that you have to do is to build your walls.

You will need to make sure that your walls are all plumb and level before installing the rafters. Once the walls are in place, you can start building the roof by laying out your rafters. It would be best if you already have a plan for the kind of ceiling that you want before starting to build. You can then fit your rafters according to the dimensions of your plan.

The next thing that you have to do is to fit the upper ends of your rafters into a ridge beam which will be placed over the top of your walls. The ridge beam should fit in between the rafters on each side and should be secured into place using rafter ties. You can use metal connectors or even nails and screws to secure these beams.

The next step is to install your ceiling joists. These should be placed at the bottom of the rafters and should be spaced out evenly. You may need several of them so you can weigh your ceiling as well as support the weight of any inset lights or fans. These joists can be rectangular in shape or they also can have an “L” shape where one side is long and the other side is short. The long side of the “L” goes against the wall while the short side goes towards the middle of the room.

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Once your joists are in place, you can now install your drywall on them. The drywall will provide a sturdy base for your ceiling tiles. If you want you can also add another layer of wooden boarding to provide extra strength and fire protection to your ceiling.

Installing ceiling tiles is actually very easy. The first thing that you have to do is to prepare your ceiling by fastening plywood to the joists. Plywood provides a sturdy base for the tiles.

You also can install a second layer of plywood for added strength and fire protection. After this is done, you can start installing your ceiling tiles.

The next step is to fasten your ceiling tiles in place using a suitable adhesive. Make sure that you read the instructions for your particular tiles before installing them. Last of all, you can then install any additional decoration such as light fixtures, mirrors or artwork.

The most common type of ceiling nowadays is the suspended ceiling. The suspended ceiling has been around since the 1960’s and is still very popular today. They are used in many commercial buildings such as airports, train stations, hospitals and offices.

There are many different materials that can be used to make suspended ceilings, but nowadays the most common type is a suspended plastic grid which works very well and is also cost effective.

A suspended ceiling can be made of several different materials, the most common of which are fiberglass, mineral board, acoustical tile and plastic grid. Each type has its advantages and disadvantages.

Fiberglass ceilings are good because they are fire resistant, but are not as strong as the other types. Mineral fiber ceilings are very strong and are made of small pieces of rock that are glued together. They do not dent, but scratches can easily be made in them.

Acoustical tile ceilings absorb sound and are good in areas that have a lot of noise. Plastic grid ceilings can easily be cut to accommodate pipes or electrical wires.

If you are looking to make your ceiling higher then one possibility is to build a dropped ceiling. This involves taking out the tiles in your existing ceiling and then building a new ceiling beneath them using the materials mentioned above.

Installing a suspended ceiling is not a very difficult job, but it can be time consuming and back breaking. Always wear proper safety gear when installing your new ceiling.

To install a suspended ceiling you need to start by preparing the surface. If you are installing over a wooden joist ceiling then you just need to lightly sand down the wood to ensure that the adhesives will stick properly. If you are installing over a plaster board ceiling then you will need to remove the boards and all the plaster, and then fix any underlying issues such as any cracks in the laths.

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Once you have prepared the surface you need to decide what type of materials you are going to use.

To do this first measure your room and then determine how much material you need. The easiest way is to work out how many square feet you will need and then divide this number by the area of one square (for example, a piece of tile is usually 1ft by 1ft or 1m by 1m). This will tell you how many square feet you need of each type of tile.

As an example, let’s say you have a room that is 16ft x 20ft (4.8m x 6.1m).

This means you need to work out how many square feet there are in the room. 16ft x 20ft means the room is 320 square feet. Now divide this by 1 to find out how many square feet there are of each tile size. In this case you need 320/1 or 320 square feet of tile.

Since our example room is small we will say that we are using standard 1ft by 1ft (1m by 1m) tiles, so we need 320 of them. Now list all the materials and tile sizes you will need to buy and then multiply each one by the number of tiles you need (in our example room we need 320 tiles).

When you have finished doing this you can go shopping for your materials.

Once you have the materials you need to start fixing them into place. This is the time consuming and back breaking part!

First measure the height and width of your room using a tape measure and then transfer these measurements onto the ceiling and draw a grid to make it easy to figure out where everything is going. (We will be using the same example room measurements of 16ft x 20ft (4.8m x 6.1m)).

Next you need to start fitting the material into place. If you are tiling, then you start by fixing the laths (if you are installing an acoustic ceiling, skip this step). Laths are long strips of thin wood (such as pine) that are nailed between the ceiling joists to hold the tiles steady and in place.

They are secured at least every 4ft (1.2m) or, for heavier tiles, every 2ft (60cm).

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Start by placing a tile at one end of the room and then fit a lath vertically against the bottom edge. Measure the exact distance between the top edge of the lath and the ceiling and mark it on all the remaining laths.

You then need to measure the exact width of the tile and mark this measurement at the top of each lath (on the side that will but against the tiles). Once you have done this you can fit all of the laths along one wall.

Once all of the laths are in place, use a spirit level to make sure that they are all plumb (vertical) and level (horizontal). If they aren’t, you will need to remove and re-fit them. This may require a carpenter to re-nail the ceiling joists, so you may need to rent a power nail gun.

Once all the laths are fitted correctly, you can then start fixing the tiles in place. Start with the bottom row and then work up from the floor, ensuring that you but the tiles up evenly as you go. Be careful to fix the laths in place firmly and ensure there are no gaps or spaces between them and the tiles.

A tip here is to always start from the same side (either the right or left) and work your way around the room in a logical pattern. This will reduce time spent working out where to start and stopping to adjust tiles. It will also ensure that the finished job looks neat and professional.

Finally, make a small groove or dimple in the middle of each tile at each lath to represent the tile’s center. This will make it easier for you to fix the next row of tiles up without having to measure each one out separately.

Continue doing this until all of the tiles are in place. Once complete, you will need to grout the joints, but this is a separate process that requires specialist equipment (such as a grout bag) and is therefore beyond the scope of this article, so you will have to look it up on your own.

Good luck!

Fixing and installing a suspended ceiling

As discussed above, you may not always be able to take down the existing drop or suspended ceiling to install your new soundproofed one. This is especially true of older properties where there may be insufficient head height or problems with the structure of the building. In this case, if you really need or want a dropped ceiling, then you are going to have to fit it underneath the existing one.

The good news is that this a simpler, easier and less expensive job than removing the existing one. The bad news is that the new ceiling will not be as effective or acoustically ‘dead’ as the original dropped ceiling was, so if there are voices or noise coming from the floor above you may still find this a little distracting.

That said, if you are particularly bothered by noise from above and don’t want to go to the expense of having your entire ceiling removed and replaced, then this is a viable option.

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You will need to choose your acoustic tiles carefully since you will now be working with less space between the suspended ceiling and the new one underneath. There will not be anywhere near as much room as there was before, so choose tiles with the thinnest profile that you can get away with.

The types of tile you can use include:

Sources & references used in this article: