How to Hang Joists by Yourself?
Joist hanger installation is not easy task. You need to have good tools, which are available at your home or office.
If you don’t have them, then you can buy some from hardware stores or online. There are many types of nails and screws used in building construction industry. The most common type of nail used in building construction is steel screw. Steel screws are commonly used for joist hangers because they are strong and durable.
There are two types of screws: flat head and Phillips head. Flat head screws can easily be driven into wood but Phillips heads cannot be driven into wood.
They will only work if the wood is smooth, like concrete or brick wall.
The other kind of screws are called phillips head. These screws can be driven into any material, including hardwood, tile flooring, plaster walls and even drywall.
When installing joist hangers with phillips head screws, it is very important to use a bit of adhesive tape before driving the screw into the wood. Otherwise the screw might not go all the way through and you would get a hole instead of a hinge.
The reason why Phillips head screws are preferred over flat head screws is that they tend to hold better when installing joists. However, flat head screws can be driven into wood easier than Phillips heads.
The main disadvantage of Phillips heads is that they are harder to drive into hard surfaces such as concrete or brick wall. Also, there is no way to adjust the angle of the screw so it won’t damage the surface underneath it.
Joist hangers need to be installed using screws or nails. The best way to do this is to use both screw and nails.
While screws provide better leverage and holding power, nails are still necessary because they tend to break before the joist hanger itself does. The size and number of nails or screws that you will use will vary depending on what materials you are installing the hangers on top of. Obviously, the number and size of screws and nails will be more for materials that are heavier and thicker.
The number of screws that you will use also depends on the type of wood you are putting in the hanger. For light woods such as pine, you will need three to four screws.
For hardwoods such as oak or ash, you will need five to six screws. Of course, more screws can always be used but this would be overkill and a waste of time and money. Using the wrong type of wood for the job can cause the hanger to break or even worse, cause it to fall off and cause injury to someone stepping on it.
When installing joist hangers with screws, you should use a drill. The drill should have adjustable speeds to accommodate various materials.
For thin materials such as drywall, use low speeds. For hardwoods such as oak or ash, use high speeds.
Joist hangers come in different sizes and materials. For light materials such as plywood or drywall, you should use hangers that are between 1/2 to 5/8 inches thick.
For heavier materials such as hardwood, you will need at least 3/4 inches of thickness to hold them properly. Be careful when selecting hangers because some models may be too weak for your needs.
Most hangers have a designated width or thickness range that it can accommodate. Always pick a hanger that falls in between the smallest and largest size of the wood that you will use.
For example, if you are using a piece of wood that has dimensions of 1 by 2.5 inches, you need to choose a hanger between 1/2 and 3/4 inches width. You should never choose a hanger that is wider than your wood because this can cause the joist hanger to break or fall off the wood altogether.
Hangers are made from several materials such as metal, plastic or even wood. While metal and plastic are stronger and can hold heavier materials, they tend to be more expensive.
Also, metals may need to be primed before painting them which is an added cost.
Wooden hangers are cheaper than metal and plastic but they are also weaker. However, wooden hangers are favored because they can be easily customized to the size and shape of the wood that is being installed.
Also, wooden hangers can easily be painted to match the décor of the room. Most wood joist hangers are made from soft woods such as pine or balsa and are very light in weight. While this makes them easier to work with, they may not provide as much strength as heavier hardwoods would.
Hardwoods tend to be more expensive than softwoods so you need to decide between price and strength. For lightweight materials such as drywall or thin plywood panels, softwoods are perfectly fine.
However, for heavier materials such as hardwood planks, you should look for stronger hangers made from hardwoods such as oak or birch.
Joist hangers are used to secure and support the wood beams that are found in flooring and roofing. These beams, also known as joists or joists, are held in place by nails, hangers or other fasteners.
Joist hangers are designed to hold and support weight from above such as a roof or second floor. If you need to install wood beams and you do not have a proper beam hanger, the wood can potentially collapse which could cause serious injury and damage to property.
Your first step is to measure the wood beam that you will be installing. Each wood beam should be measured from end to end to ensure that it’s cut at a proper measurement.
Most home improvement stores will cut the wood for you but you need to take the time to explain exactly how you want it cut. For example, if you’re installing a wood beam that needs to run along the ceiling of a second floor room, the ceiling may not be high enough to accommodate a long piece of wood. In this case, you may need to have the lumber cut in half so that it fits properly.
You should always try to transport the wood inside before you begin installing it. If the wood is too long to carry through your door or into your house, you may have to make additional cuts at the store before you take it home.
It’s also a good idea to look for nails or other sharp objects that may have fallen off of the wood while it was being transported.
You should be careful when you are working with wood and make sure that you don’t accidentally hit your hand or any other part of your body with the hammer or nails. Wood can splinter or crack if it’s hit in the wrong place so you need to be aware of your surroundings before you begin work.
Installing the wood beam is a relatively easy process although it can be strenuous if you are installing a large beam. Typically, you will place the beam on the floor and then secure it into place by driving nails through the hangers and into the joists or studs in the floor below.
If you are installing the beam in a ceiling, you will secure it to the beams or rafters above.
After you have secured the wood beam in place, you should give the area a once over to make sure that the beam is securely fastened. Give the beam a few good pushes in various places to make sure that it isn’t going to move or become loose.
If you do find that a hanger has come loose, you can easily reattach it by pounding a nail back into the hole on the hanger.
Whenever you are working with wood, there are certain safety issues that you need to be aware of.
Always Wear Eye Protection: Wood is tricky material to work with mainly because it splinters and cracks very easily. If you’re not wearing eye protection, you risk having a small sliver of wood or splinter flying into your eye which could cause considerable damage.
Protect Your Hands: Splinters and small flying debris tend to find their way into your hands when you’re working with wood. To prevent this, you should always wear gloves while you work.
Wear Closed-Toe Shoes: Floors can often be very wet and slippery which means that you need to wear closed-toed shoes that have excellent traction. If you’re wearing flip-flops or sandals, you could very easily slip and fall which could result in injury.
Don’t Overwork: Wood is a very strong material but it also very heavy. You don’t want to overtax your strength while you’re working otherwise you could end up getting hurt.
Take frequent breaks and drink plenty of water.
Buckets And Scaffolding: If you’re working on a very high ceiling, you may need to place a wood beam that is too long on the floor. Always use a scaffold or ladder to reach the upper sections of the ceiling.
It is far too easy to lose your balance and fall when you’re standing on something as narrow as a normal ladder.
Taking The Time: Sometimes it takes longer to do things the right way compared to taking shortcuts. In this case, it is much better for you to take the time to secure your wood properly rather than coming back to fix something later because it collapsed.
Once you’ve installed your wood beam, you’re ready to move on to the next step.
Step 5: Prepare The Ceiling For Texture Show All Items
Before you can apply the texture material, you first need to make sure that the ceiling is prepared.
Using your trowel and bucket, you need to apply an even layer of skim coat material to the entire ceiling. Make sure that it is perfectly smooth because you don’t want to have texture material showing through when you are finished.
Try to keep the area as clean as possible and get all of the waste material back into your bucket.
You should try and work on small areas at a time so that the skim coat does not start to dry before you can spread it out. Be careful not to work on the section that you are hanging the wood beam from until you hang it or you may not have a stable place to stand.
Step 6: Hang The Rafters Show All Items
Now that your ceiling beam and your vertical support are in place, it’s time for the rafters.
The first step is to mark off where you want them located. There are a couple of factors that you need to keep in mind while you do this.
They should probably be evenly spaced but don’t worry too much about this because you can easily move them slightly if you notice a problem after you have started attaching them.
The rafters need to overhang the edge of the vertical support by at least 2 inches on the bottom and 4 inches on the top. This is to prevent water from the roof from dripping down the side of the wall.
Once you have found a good place to locate them, you are ready to install them.
You should already have some scrap wood that is long enough to use as temporary spacers while you are installing the rafters. If not, you need to go get some right now before you move on to the next step because you won’t have enough time afterwards.
Place the first temporary spacer on the bottom of the vertical support at the location where you want the first rafter to go.
Move the ladder into position and climb up to the top rung. With one hand securely on the top of the vertical support, reach your other hand out as far as you can to get to the temporary spacer.
Once you have a firm grip on it, pull it toward you while at the same time stepping off of the ladder.
Take a moment to steady yourself and make sure that the temporary spacer remains in place.
Move the ladder over and position the second temporary spacer under the bottom of the second rafter. Do the same thing with this one as you did with the first one.
Continue doing this until you have installed all of the rafters.
Be careful when you are working on the opposite side of the wall because it is a long way to the ground.
Step 7: Install The Rafters Show All Items
Once you have all of the temporary spacers in place, you are ready to start installing the rafters. Before you can do this, you need to get some help.
Tell the person that you are working with to position themselves under where the rafter will go and grab them around their legs just above their feet.
Once they are in position, have them bend their knees so that they can get a firm grip on the top of the temporary spacer with one hand and wrap their other arm around their leg. They need to hold on as tight as they can.
Make sure that everything is secure before you climb down off of the ladder.
The first rafter will be a little tricky because you have to notch out a section on the inside of the wall to get it to fit but after you have done it once, the rest should be pretty easy.
You may need to use a hammer at some point during this process.
Step 8: Install Temporary Beams Show All Items
You now need to support the roof so that you can work on the wall some more without having to worry about it collapsing.
The temporary beams need to be positioned directly under the ridge beam and they need to be long enough so that they can reach at least 3 of the 4 walls.
You are going to need a little more help with this step also.
While one person holds one of the temporary beams in place, the other person needs to measure out from the inside face of the vertical support and make a mark up to the bottom of the rafters.
You will need to do this on 3 sides. You already have the side that the vertical support is on so all you need to do is mark the other 3 sides.
Once you have made all of your marks, one person needs to go around to the opposite side of the wall and hold the tape measure up to each one while the other one writes down the measurement.
The temporary beam needs to be long enough so once it is positioned under the rafters on 3 sides, the other end can reach at least 3 of the 4 walls by at least a few inches.
When you have the temporary beams in place, measure from them to the top of the wall and make a mark at each end. These are a good place to nail up the ridge beam later.
Sources & references used in this article:
- Modular hanging storage tracks (M Bromann – The Design and Layout of Fire Sprinkler Systems, 2001 – CRC Press)
- Shelf mounting system including mounting brackets having mounting ears for mounting vertical track members to a wall (W Manley – American Libraries, 2008 – JSTOR)
- Truss storage hanging crossbar brackets (WD Found – US Patent 9,138,077, 2015 – Google Patents)
- Adobe: build it yourself (RG Kluge, JR Sterling – US Patent 6,109,461, 2000 – Google Patents)
- Fix it Yourself-Home Repairs Made Easy-A Completely Indexed Manual for Home Owners and Handy Men on Woodworking, Painting, Plumbing, Electrical … (P Carrasco – FINE HOMEBUILDING, 2001 – THE TAUNTON PRESS, INC.)