Sanding Station Plans: Diy Sander
DIY Sander or DIY Sander?
There are two types of sanders. There are those which use a rotating drum and there are those which use a stationary drum. Both types have their advantages and disadvantages. For example, if you want to build a small sander, then you need to choose between using a rotating drum or a stationary one. If you plan to use it frequently, then you will probably prefer the stationary type.
The main thing is that both types of sanders are made from metal and they are very heavy. They require lots of strength and they are not easy to move around easily.
If you are looking for something cheap, then you might consider building your own sander. You don’t need much money because all you need is some scrap metal and a drill. However, if you want to save money, then it would be better to go with a portable model like the one shown here. Portable models usually come in different sizes and shapes so that they can fit into various spaces of your home or office. They are available at hardware stores and they are quite cheap.
Here is a brief comparison of the two types:
How to Make a Sanding Station
There are many different ways you can go about creating your own sander. The materials you will need are very simple and cheap. You don’t need any special skills or tools in order to build it, but you will need basic metalwork skills for some models. In order to maximize the performance of your sander, it is better to put it together before you actually start using it.
The first model we will discuss is the simple metal disk and motor. This model consists of a metal disk (usually steel or iron but sometimes copper) with holes drilled into it and a motor which will power the disk. The motor fits onto bolts on either side of the disk and then the whole thing is fastened onto a base so that it cannot move. The base can be made out of wood or metal, depending on the material of your choice. The sanding disk itself is not fastened to the motor in any way; instead it will spin whenever the motor turns.
This model is inexpensive and easy to build but it does not offer much control over the speed of the disk.
The next model we will discuss is the geared metal disk and motor. This model is very similar to the one described above, however in this case the disk is attached to the motor using gears so that the speed of the disk can be controlled more easily. The same materials and tools are needed for this build, however some metalworking skills will be needed to create the disk housing and to assemble and mount the disk and gears onto the base.
The final model we will discuss is the homemade sander/grinder table. This build consists of a table with a hole in the middle and a metal disk attached to a motor which fits around the entire opening. The disk itself is fastened to the underside of the table so that it can spin freely. A grinder such as an angle grinder can then be placed into the opening so that you can sand or grind any material which is placed on top of the table. This build requires more skill than the other builds because you will have to create custom metal parts.
You will need the same tools as you did for the last build, however you will also need some welding skills.
Even if you don’t have any metal working skills, you could always try making a table with a hole in it and attaching an electric drill to the middle of it. Of course this option is not really going to give you very good results and is only recommended if you want something very basic and are on a tight budget.
Metal disk and motor
You will need the following materials:
Metal disk: You can get these from old hard drives or other computer parts. The size of the disk should be at least 6 inches in diameter and at least an inch thick. If you can find a thinner disk, it is OK to use two or more disks stacked on top of each other. You will also need some bolts and washers to mount the disk onto the motor. You will need 4 bolts and washers to mount the disk onto the motor.
Metal base: You can get a sheet of metal and cut it to size, make sure that the disk can fit flush against the bottom of the base so that when you put pressure on it with your foot, it won’t slide around while the motor is spinning. Also make holes in the base so that you can bolt the entire thing to your table.
Motor: I salvaged an old computer fan from an old computer that I had in the trash, however you can also buy a small electric motor from a hardware store. Just make sure it is the type that can run without being connected to any wires.
Welding/Grinding Gear: You will need some sort of welding device or grinder to attach the motor and disk onto the base along with bolts and washers.
Here are some example pictures of a similar build from the internet. These can give you an idea of what the finished project will look like.
Note: These pictures from the internet are not my builds and I do not take credit for them.
The first one is of a grinder built from a disk and motor.
This second one is of a disk with bolts and washers already mounted onto a metal base.
These final two pictures show how you can use the grinder by mounting it to your work table and attaching an angle grinder to the middle.
This is a very simple build which requires little money or tools. If you can find an old disk and motor in your garage you can make this project for free. If you need to buy new parts, they are very cheap and you can find all the parts at a local hardware store or online.
This grinder is great because it can be used for sanding or grinding.
I use this grinder for two main purposes. The first purpose is sanding wood and metal. It works really well for both of these materials and it gets the job done fast. The second purpose is grinding down welds on old metal chairs and tables that I find for free at the side of the road. I use this to smooth out the welds so that I can repaint the furniture.
When I first found this grinder at the dump, it had no wiring or motor and therefor wasn’t working. After a week or so of searching, I finally found a disk and motor at the local computer store which was going out of business. I got the disk and motor for free since I had worked there in the past.
The first thing I did was take everything apart so that I could use the motor and disk with a metal base that I had found at the side of the road. The metal base was from an old hand coffee grinder which I gutted. Inside you will see how everything is attached together and how it works.
A few days later, I had mounted everything to the metal base and screwed the base to the bottom of my work table. Now all I had to do was run the wires up through the leg of the table and plug everything in.
The final step was to secure the grinder to the table, so that I wouldn’t need to hold down the disk and motor when using it. I did this by bolting the base to the bottom of the table.
Now it was all finished and ready to use.
I have a smaller disk for wood that can be mounted onto the grinder, but I usually just sand for long periods of time or use the belt sander which is faster.
As I mentioned before, the grinder works great on both wood and metal so it has been really handy for me to have around. I’ve been asked several times if I would sell it, but I’m not sure if I want to since it took me so long to build and cost me nothing.
You can also make your own grinder or improve on this design. It is really up to you.
I hope you have enjoyed my how-to!
Sources & references used in this article:
- Design of a sanding robot for wooden painted decoration box (P Li, E Xu, C Tang, Y Zhou, X Jiang… – … Conference on Real …, 2017 – ieeexplore.ieee.org)
- Apparatus for use with stationary belt sander station (TH Hock, ML O’banion, HPF Koehler… – US Patent 4,924,633, 1990 – Google Patents)
- Sanding machine (EW Curtis – US Patent 1,820,377, 1931 – Google Patents)
- Multi-station simultaneous dual-side sanding machine (RL Retteu – US Patent 3,908,316, 1975 – Google Patents)
- Sanding (CJ DeMoranville, HA Sandler – 2000 – scholarworks.umass.edu)
- Sanding and chamfering machine (JW Rosche – US Patent 1,750,433, 1930 – Google Patents)
- Multi-piece sanding wheel (AR Casillas, JR Gutierrez, FC Schneider III – US Patent 5,492,498, 1996 – Google Patents)
- Belt sander (JJW Edgemond, JJ O’connor – US Patent 2,857,717, 1958 – Google Patents)