How to Pour Footings With Sonotube?
Sonotube is a type of flexible plastic pipe used mainly for water distribution system. Sonotubes are made from various materials such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or polypropylene terephthalate (PPT).
They have been widely used in construction industry since the 1970s. These pipes are commonly found in all types of industries including transportation, agriculture, energy generation and many others.
The sonotube is usually made of two pieces: a rigid outer shell and a flexible inner core. The inner core can be either PVC or PPT.
Both materials have their advantages and disadvantages when it comes to installing them into concrete. One advantage of using PPT is that they are not prone to cracking under pressure like PVC pipe, which makes them ideal for applications where strength is required over flexibility. Another advantage of using PPT is that they tend to be less expensive than PVC. However, there are some drawbacks to using these materials as well. For one thing, they tend to crack easily if exposed to high temperatures or chemicals. Secondly, they require special tools for installation. Lastly, because of their flexibility and low density, they tend to absorb moisture readily which could lead to failure during heavy rains or flooding events. Another advantage of using PPT is that they are less expensive than PVC. However, there are drawbacks to both materials as well.
PVC pipes tend to crack due to the high temperature and pressure during installation, while PPT pipes may crack due to the low temperatures and pressures during installation. Also, PVC pipe tends to absorb moisture from the air around it making it susceptible to corrosion.
PVC pipe, on the other hand, is a more common choice for water distribution systems. It is more rigid and less prone to failure than PPT or PET tubes.
Because of its rigidity, it can support a heavy load and is easier to handle for construction crews. It tends not to crack under pressure or stress either. In addition to being easy to work with, it’s also very affordable which makes it a favorite among construction projects on a tight budget.
Which one is better?
Which type of pipe is better to use depends upon the situation at hand. Many construction projects will use a combination of both if they are looking for something that is durable and inexpensive.
Some people believe that only using PVC is best because it can support heavy loads, but PPT or PET pipes are much easier to work with since they are more flexible. It also tends to have a longer service life as well.
PPT pipe, on the other hand, is used mainly in specialized high pressure installations where flexibility is required over rigidity. It is also used in pools and hot tubs because it can withstand higher temperatures without warping or cracking.
The inner core of the pipe is filled with air during the manufacturing process which accounts for its flexibility. If built properly, it can support heavy loads without any problem. Whether or not you choose to use one or the other, or a combination of both will ultimately depend upon your project and personal preference.
PPT pipe is made from a material called cross-linked polyethylene which is also known as high-density polyethylene or HDPE. This has replaced PVC pipes in most industries because it is more durable and flexible than traditional piping materials.
PPT is highly resistant to chemicals, abrasion, and moisture. It is used in construction, underground storm drains, water distribution, waste water and sewage treatment plants, and the oil and gas industries. It can also be used for steam lines, hot water, and hydro power.
Cross-linked polyethylene is stronger and more durable than traditional piping materials such as fiberglass, PVC, copper, concrete, or steel. It is quite flexible and can withstand heavy loads without suffering damage.
Pipes made from this material can also withstand extreme heat or cold. This makes it ideal for use in the manufacturing of artificial islands in the ocean, offshore oil rigs, and water pipes buried underground. It can also be used in pools, hot tubs, and fountains without risking damage due to temperature extremes.
High-density polyethylene is light weight and has a high impact strength which makes it less likely to suffer damage when heavy loads are placed on it. It is also resistant to ultraviolet light which makes it a good choice for outdoor piping.
If it does suffer damage such as cracking or warping, it is not prone to leaking. While PPT pipe can be used for water distribution systems, it is most commonly used in underground drains and sewage lines where flexibility is more important than rigidity like when it is used in car washes or boat docks.
Using cross-linked polyethylene has many advantages over other piping materials. It is very durable, strong, and flexible which makes it suitable for a wide variety of different projects.
Pipes made from this material are also quite light weight and resistant to heat and cold so it can be used in a variety of different situations. It can even be used for piping under outdoor swimming pools without risking damage to the piping from temperature extremes.
Pipes made from cross-linked polyethylene are quite resilient and can be used for a wide variety of different projects. They are very popular for use in underground storm water drains, water distribution lines, and sewage pipes.
Pipes made from this material can also be used for piping under outdoor swimming pools without the risk of damage from pool chemicals or fluctuations in temperature. These types of pipes are also quite common in hot tubs and spas because they can withstand high temperatures without cracking.
Pipes made from cross-linked polyethylene are also quite common in the oil and gas industry because they are resistant to chemicals and abrasive materials commonly found in these types of work sites. Unlike metal pipes, PPT pipes do not rust and can withstand high pressures.
They are also quite flexible.
Because of its flexibility, light weight, and high strength, cross-linked polyethylene piping is also very popular for use in car washes. Pipes made from this material are able to withstand the shock and vibrations that occur on a daily basis without suffering damage.
These types of pipes are also quite common for use in artificial ponds and streams because they are resistant to splitting and cracking due to temperature changes. They can even be painted or dyed to achieve the look that you desire.
Cross-linked polyethylene piping is also used in roof drainage systems, water wells, and under floor heating systems. It is so versatile that it can even be used for tubing in swimming pools.
Pipes made from this material are very easy to install, replace, and move without suffering damage. This makes it a great choice for do-it-yourselfers who need to extend or repair their current piping system.
Although cross-linked polyethylene piping is quite strong and durable there are some limitations.
Sources & references used in this article:
- Fabricating the Telescope Pier (J Hicks – Building a Roll-Off Roof Observatory, 2009 – Springer)
- Preparing the Footings and the Observatory Floor (JS Hicks – Building a Roll-Off Roof or Dome Observatory, 2016 – Springer)
- Building Small Barns, Sheds & Shelters (M Burch – 2012 – books.google.com)