How Many Nails Do You Put Into A Joist Hanger?
In the past, there are different opinions about how many nails you need to put into a joist hanger. Some say that you don’t need any nails at all while others suggest that you should use two to three screws per nail.
So what’s right and wrong? Well, it depends on your application needs.
For example, if you want to make a small repair job, then you will definitely need only one screw per nail. If you have some big project which requires more than just fixing a few holes in the wall, then you might require several screws per nail.
If you are planning to fix a large hole in the wall, then you will probably need several nails per nail. On the other hand, if you plan to replace a broken window or door hinge, then you won’t require too much effort because most manufacturers recommend using only one screw per nail.
The best thing is that these recommendations vary from manufacturer to manufacturer so it would be difficult for us to give specific advice about how many screws to use in each case.
If you are going to fix a large hole in the wall, then you may need more than one nail per screw. On the other hand, if you are repairing a small crack in the floor, then you probably won’t require more than two screws per nail.
The reason why some people prefer using fewer nails rather than more is because they believe that it makes their work easier and faster. However, if you know your project specifications and you have the recommendations which came with your nails or screws, then you can use those as a guideline.
The important thing is to follow the recommendations on the packaging or inside the manual if you have one, regarding how many nails or screws you should be using for your project.
What are Joist Hangers Used For? Sometimes you will also require fewer nails in order to make a sturdy construction.
You need to use the right number of screws and nails in order to pre-drill the hole for the screw or nail without damaging the surface below it. If you have too many screws, then it may not be as effective as a single screw because more force will be required to tighten the screws which may eventually snap them off.
A joist hanger is a metal device which is used as a support for wood joists. Joist hangers are usually installed 16″ on center in bearing walls and 24″ on center in load-bearing walls.
In residential construction, these are generally installed between the top of the floor framing and the bottom of the floor joists.
It’s better to use several screws or nails which are of the right size and number rather than using fewer screws or nails which are considerably large for the given project. For example, you will require a large number of nails if you want to make a plywood wall for your shed or garage.
On the other hand, if you only need to replace a few boards in your fence, then using several screws would be overkill.
In general, it’s better to use fewer screws rather than using too many because it could result in deforming the wood which could compromise the strength of your construction. It is always better to drill pilot holes when using screws smaller than #6.
As a matter of fact, it is always better to pre-drill holes in soft woods when using any size screw. If you are not sure about the quality of your material, then it’s best to use at least a number 6 screw for pre-drilling.
How Many Screws Do You Need? When you are using screws, it is always best to start with a pilot hole because it makes the screw easier to drive and it also reduces the chances of the wood splitting. The general rule of thumb is to drill a hole which is only slightly larger than the diameter of the screw thread.
For most construction projects, you will require 2 or 3 screws per board based on the type and thickness of the wood.
If you have used the right measurements of screws, then your boards should be able to fit together perfectly. Another tip which might help is to drill a countersink hole before placing the screw in the pilot hole.
This might involve initially drilling the pilot hole at an angle.
How Many Nails Do You Need? When using nails rather than screws, you need to know how many nails you should use per board for your project. The most common types of nails are 8d, which are 3″ in length and usually used for framing; 5 1/2″, which are usually finish nails and 6d, which are usually used for sheathing.
How Much Wood Do You Need? If you are not exactly sure of how much wood you need, then your best bet is to measure the area of your shed or garage and make sure that you have at least an extra 10% more than that. You may require additional wood for repairs or if you simply made a mistake when cutting them.
It is always good to have extra wood on hand whenever possible because it can save you a lot of time in the long run. For example, if your shed roof has a large gap at the top, you can easily cover it by nailing a piece of wood over it.
If you do not have any spare wood, then you will have to order more or else try and make do with what you have.
How to Cut Wood
You might need to cut your wood in order to get the dimensions which you require. While some people will be able to do this job with power tools, others might be forced to do it manually.
Whichever method you choose, it is important to ensure that the cuts are straight because uneven cutting can cause gaps or overlaps in your boards when you place them side by side.
Tips for Hanging Drywall
Framing walls and ceilings is not the only thing which you will have to do in order to finish your shed or garage. You will also need to hang drywall which is a very popular choice because it is easy to work with and it is cheap.
While you might be tempted to do this job by yourself, it is actually not a good idea because drywall is quite heavy and tiring to handle if you are on your own. You should always have at least one other person around to help you.
You will also need to prepare the wall by nailing two 2×4 boards to every 8 foot long piece of drywall.
How to Hang Drywall
The first step in hanging drywall is to attach the first sheet to the top of the wall by using screws. You should then make sure that it is level and screw down any protruding edges with a small amount of space between them.
Next, you should attach the first piece of drywall to the ceiling with screws. Then, you should place another one next to it and screw down the edges.
You can continue this process until the entire wall is covered. The last step is to apply joint tape and joint compound over the seams.
Tips for Using Drywall Compound
Drywall compound can be found in a small container and you simply use your trowel to spread it over the seams on the drywall. It is a thick paste which is typically grey in color and you should only apply a thin layer at a time.
If you have applied too much, then you can simply scrape it off with your trowel and start again.
The compound should be left to dry for several hours before you sand it down and apply primer. You can also use mesh or canvas instead of drywall compound although the latter is only suitable for non-structural seams.
Learn More About Framing
You can learn more about framing by reading the instructions on the bags of cement which you are using. Most bags will contain detailed instructions on how to mix the concrete and what type of mixing equipment you will require.
Always make sure that you follow these instructions carefully because using too much or too little water can make the mixture weak and cause it to crack.
You should also wear gloves and safety goggles while you are working and never pour any unused mixture down your sink. Doing so can cause serious clogs in your plumbing system which can become very costly to repair.
You should also store your leftover mixture in airtight containers in case you need to use it for touch-ups later on.
How to Use a Trowel
A trowel is a tool which is used for spreading or smoothing over a thin layer of mortar, drywall compound or cement. There are several different types of trowels and they come in many different sizes but they all work on the same principles.
The trowel is flat and has ridges, known as teeth, which are designed to help the user apply the substance to the surface evenly.
If you are using drywall compound, then you should use a medium to large size trowel because the material for this is not very thick and a small trowel will create too thin a layer. You should hold the trowel at an angle and then push it forward in a long steady stroke while applying even pressure.
How to Use a Power Drill
A power drill is a very useful tool which is used for drilling holes in wood, metal or masonry. It is more powerful than the average hand drill and features an electric motor which powers the chuck.
Drills are available in a wide range of different sizes and can be used for both DIY projects and construction work. They all work in a similar way and you can learn the basics of one type to apply to another.
The first thing you should do is make sure that the power cord is firmly plugged into the wall socket. It should click into place when it is connected properly.
Next, ensure that the drill is not in contact with any objects because this could cause the bit to snap or even launch it across the room. These are very dangerous tools and should always be handled with care.
Next, you need to select the right bit for the job that you are doing. The bit is the part of the drill which actually does the drilling and there are several different types available such as wood, masonry, metal and brickwork.
You can read the instructions on the side of the drill case to see which type you will need. If you are not sure, it is better to choose a wider bit than narrower because this will help to prevent the bit from slipping or getting stuck in the surface.
Before you begin drilling, make sure that the bit is centered in the middle of the hole and then turn the adjustment wheel at the top so that it will start drilling at a slow speed. If you are drilling into metal, you should start even slower than this because metals tend to spit as they are being drilled which could cause hot fragments to fly back at you.
You should also wear safety goggles to protect your eyes.
Next, apply a light pressure to the top of the drill while also applying an even amount of pressure through your fingertips at the bottom. This will help to keep the bit steady while it is drilling and prevent it from slipping to one side or another.
As the bit begins to cut into the surface, you should increase the speed of the drill very slowly until you are satisfied with the speed.
If you find that the drill is slipping to one side, then you will need to apply more pressure at the bottom to hold it in place. If it is slipping backwards, then you will need to apply more pressure at the top.
Safety should always be your first concern whenever you are using any power tool. You should never wear loose clothing or jewelry when using a drill or any similar tool because they can get caught in the equipment and cause severe injury when the drill suddenly pulls against it.
Long hair should also be tied back to prevent it from getting caught in the drill.
Never attempt to repair a damaged electrical cord or plug as this could result in injury. If the plug has been damaged in any way, then you should not use the drill until it has been fixed by a professional.
Always turn the tool off and set it down before making any adjustments. This will prevent the possibility of accidental injury should the drill start up accidentally while you are working on it.
This basic knowledge should be enough to get you started with using a hand drill safely and effectively but you may wish to explore some of the other options which are available.
You may want to consider getting an electric drill for more heavy duty work. Just be sure that it is properly connected to a power source that is properly fused and has circuit breakers installed.
If the electricity in your home does not have enough current, then you may want to have it upgraded before installing the new wiring.
If you want to do specialty work such as working with concrete or masonry, you will need to get a hammer drill. This tool uses a small pneumatic hammer to drive the drill bit through concrete and other hard aggregates.
They are much more expensive than other types of drills but they will make the job much easier and can prevent some of the safety concerns which are present when using a regular drill on these types of materials.
You may also want to get an angle drill or a pocket drill. These just enable you to drill at an angle so that you can get into tight spots.
They can also be very useful when you need to drill in a space that is surrounded by walls on all sides.
Routers can be used to trim wood or carve intricate designs. They are often used in woodworking but they are also useful in metalworking and even some types of stone masonry.
They can be dangerous if not handled properly so you should seek the advice of a professional before attempting to use one.
These are just a few of the more common types of drills which you may want to add to your tool collection. As you gain experience, you may discover even more uses for these tools and want to get various other models which might be better suited to those jobs.
Just remember that with any type of power tool, safety is always a priority so make sure that you learn how each one works and do not attempt to use it until you feel fully comfortable doing so.
Sources & references used in this article:
- Joist hanger (JC Cornell – US Patent 4,856,252, 1989 – Google Patents)
- Effect of Support Restraint on Wood-to-Wood Joist Hanger Connection (WT Bolduc, S Ladkany – Structures Congress 2011, 2011 – ascelibrary.org)
- Common Engineering Problems in Frame Construction (D Utterback – FINE HOMEBUILDING, 2000 – finehomebuilding.s3.tauntoncloud …)
- Joist hanger mounting tool (P Brodeur – US Patent 6,126,156, 2000 – Google Patents)
- Joist hanger aid (PR Halula – US Patent 4,264,063, 1981 – Google Patents)