What is molding?
Molding is a type of woodwork that consists of two or more pieces joined together at one end. A typical example would be a piece of plywood with a layer of particle board attached to it.
Moldings are usually made from different kinds of woods such as oak, pine, fir, cedar and mahogany. They may have decorative designs carved into them or they may simply look like regular pieces of wood glued together.
What is trim?
Trim is any kind of woodworking work that consists of two or more pieces glued together. Trimming involves cutting away the layers of glue and then gluing the remaining pieces back together.
Trims are commonly used for furniture, cabinets, doors, windows and other items where durability is required.
How do I tell if something is molding or trimming?
A molding is a piece of wood that has been cut out and glued together. A trim is a piece of wood that has been glued onto another piece of wood.
When you see a piece of trim, it will typically have decorative patterns carved into it or it may just look like regular wood glued to another piece of wood.
When you see a molding, it will most likely be covered with some sort of pattern or design. Moldings are used to cover areas where walls and floors meet.
They can also be used as an accent to cover large areas on a wall. Moldings are typically very easy to install when compared to other types of woodworking.
In the picture below, you can see a molding that was pasted onto the wall. This particular molding is called chair rail molding.
It is used in this situation to cover the area where the wall meets the ceiling.
In this picture below, you can see chair rail molding being used in a similar manner. This type of molding is sometimes called an accent molding because it can be used to draw attention to a certain area in a room.
When chair rail molding is located above a fireplace, it can help to accentuate the the focal point of the room.
What are some of the different types of moldings?
There are a wide range of different moldings that can be used for decorative purposes. Some of the most common types include: chair rail molding, crown molding, baseboard molding, case molding, cove molding and quarter round molding.
Each one of these moldings is designed for a different purpose.
Some more examples of moldings include:
Wainscot – This type of molding is normally located below wall paneling. It can be made from a wide variety of materials such as hardwood, lath, plaster, sheet metal, stone or combinations of these materials.
Plank – This type of molding is most commonly made from wood planks that have been glued together and then fixed to the wall using nails or screws.
Ogee – An ogee molding is shaped like an “S” and it has a convex and concave shape to it. This type of molding is often used in traditional homes.
Beaded – A beaded molding looks like a series of large beads that have been glued onto the wall. This type of molding is often found in traditional style homes.
It is typically made out of wood or plastic.
Vandyke – A vandyke molding has a series of curves at the top and bottom. This type of molding is often found in older style houses.
It can be made from wood or pressed metal.
Other common types of moldings include chair rail, cove, dado, quarter round, and soffit. Each one of these moldings serves a different purpose and is installed in a different manner.
What tools do I need to install moldings?
In order to install any molding, you will need a few tools. These tools include: tape measure, hammer, nails, pneumatic or electric nail gun, wood glue, circular saw, miter box, handsaws and a chisel.
It is also recommended that you have a puddy knife, rasp, 4 inch wood file and a 12 inch steel rule.
What safety gear do I need to use?
You should use safety glasses, ear plugs and you may need a dust mask. You may also need gloves and other protective gear depending on the materials that you are working with.
How do I measure for the size of molding?
The size of the molding is going to be based on the space that you have available. You will need to take measurements from corner to corner in each space where a molding is needed.
You should also measure the height of each one of these areas so you can determine the total square footage of each wall.
How do I layout door and window openings?
You are going to have to take measurements from corner to corner just like you did for the walls. You may also need to measure the width of each opening as well.
The height of each one is going to be based on the size of the door or window that is currently in that area.
You should also be sure to measure the depth of each wall since you may need to install baseboard molding around the perimeter of interior walls. This type of molding is commonly installed along the base of all walls, except for doors and windows.
Do I have to use molding in all of the rooms or just a few?
You can use molding in just a few rooms or in every room if you want to create a certain look. This is really going to be based on the size of molding that you buy and the color that you paint it.
Wood moldings are fairly easy to change out if you decide that you don’t like the way it looks in a particular room.
You may need to use a lot of moldings in rooms such as foyers, dining rooms and other high traffic areas of your home.
Do I have to paint my moldings the same color as the walls?
You do not have to paint your moldings the same color as the walls but it is going to create a more cohesive look if you do. It may also be more difficult to change the color of the walls in the future since you are going to have to paint around all of the molding.
You can paint your moldings a contrasting color if you want to create more visual interest in a particular room. This type of look is typically found in older style homes that have been restored.
What kind of molding works best in my house?
The type of molding that you use in your home is really going to be based on the style and size of the trim that you need.
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